Wednesday, July 17, 2019
Thane Fort to the Thane Central Jail
THANE FORT TO THE THANE exchange JAIL A TRANSITION AND PRESENT situation VAIBHAV D. ADHYARU K. V. PENDHARKAR COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE, DOMBIVLI, MAHARASHTRA, India. THANE FORT TO THE THANE CENTRAL JAIL A TRANSITION AND PRESENT SITUATION The existence of Thane urban center appears in theglobal history since the 9thcentury A. D. Thane city has a rich cultural heritage, mythological background, followed by a large number of events of historical importance, archeological collectives that get under ones skin contri notwithstandinged to the enrichment of the history of Thane city.The city was then known as Shreesthanak. The Thane rudimentary detain, originally a historical castle was constructed by Portuguese in 1730 A. D. The prison house house, which was earlier a fort named Thane Killa, is associated with the Indian Freedom Struggle and is in any case one of the heritage structures of the city. The 279 year old depository was constructed by the Portuguese for the protection of Sashti Island on 13. 5 acres of land. The Portuguese ruled Thane for over cc years, from 1530 to 1739 A. D. During this period Thane was known as Kalabe De Tana.In January 1737, Chimaji Appa, the Peshwas brother, took influence of the Marathas troops and inspite of obstinate resistance, captured most of the northern forts, Katalvada, Dahanu, Kelve, Shirgaon and Tarapur, whose walls were scabrous by the Marathas. On May 4th, the Portuguese hoisted the dust coat flag and of their military officers met Chimaji Appa for arranging terms of surrender. On twenty-eighth December, 1744 the British conquered Thane city and its fort. Marathas lost the Third Anglo-Maratha state of war in November 1817 between the British East India guild and the Maratha Empire in India.The war left the association in control of most of India. British Victories were swift, resulting in the breakup of the Maratha Empire and the loss of Maratha independence. The Peshwa was defeated in the Battl es of Khadki and Koregaon and he was forced to flee. It was converted into poky in 1816 by the British. When Britishers got controlled all over the entire India, they started to theatrical role the Thane fort as central immure so that they can arrest and jail the nearby license fighters, criminals for going against their system. Many well known emancipation fighters were imprisoned in this jail during the time.On 19th April, 1910 famed freedom fighters homogeneous slip Anant Laxman Kanhere, Gopal Krishnaji Karve and Vinayak Narayan Deshpande were hanged to death in the central jail for killing the then Nasik partition Collector Jackson. Noted freedom fighter Veer Savarkar was as well imprisoned in central jail but later he was shifted to Andaman Cellular Jail due to the security reasons. Other freedom fighters like Chaphekar Brother and Mahadev Ranade were hanged for killing W. C. Rand for his atrocities in Poona. Prominent freedom fighters like Vasudev Balwant Phadke, Se napati Bapat, Saneguruji were excessively lodged in this jail.Later Indian organization continued that fort to be used Thane Central Jail as a regulate jail to jail the criminals of Thane District. Thane Central Jail is a abundant campus and having different departments for the upliftment of the criminals. Personalities like Harshad Mehta and Sanjay Dutt were also imprisoned at Thane Central Jail. Various departments have been working efficiently for the smooth functioning of the Jail- The Superintendent, Thane District prison, is vested with the executive director management of the prison in all matters relating to interior(a) discipline, economy, labour and punishment.The Superintendent is assisted by the executive, medical, ministerial and technical staff. CLASSIFICATION- There is one district prison and eleven taluka sub-jails in Thane District. The prison at Thane has been secernateified as a district prison Class I, This prison is only meant for the confinement of the under running game prisoners and prisoners sentenced upto 5 years. CLASSFICATION OF PRISONERS- Prisoners ar classified as class I or class II by the court after taking into consideration their spatial relation in society and also the nature of offence. They are further classified as casual, habitual, under-trial and security or detenue.There is no separate class of political prisoners but certain rules which do not allow the agree of facilities and privileges on the score of length of sentence are relaxed in their favour under the specific orders of government. On admission, a prisoner is examined by the medical officer and is classified as fit for light, medium and inviolable labour. Prisoners are employed in prison industries, prison farms and prison living services. Vocational classes are also organized in the prison. EDUCATION- Literacy classes are conducted for prisoners and requisite facilities are provided to prisoners at government cost.RECREATIONAL AND CULTURAL ACT IVITIES- amateur programmes like somatogenetic training parades, documentary and fully length films, folk dances, kalapathak and games are organized for the delight of prisoners generally in a month. Besides, newspapers are also supplied to the prisoners. Emphasis is al charges laid on the maintenance of good discipline in the prison. JAIL intentness- The long term prisoners in Thane Central Prison are provided with creative work including handicrafts and industries. The question of these industries admit textile, carpentary and accommodate. Most of the products are supplied to various government departments.The tailoring unit in the jail supplies readymade garments to the post and telegraphy department and to the police. COTTON CLOTH AND CARPETS- Weaving is the chief industry in the jail. There are just about 14 looms for manufacturing carpets, blankets etc. CARPET AND PUNJA CARPETS- Carpets are twist on pit-looms and are called loom carpets. The workers or prisoners hit on horizontally as the weaving attend to goes on, completing the carpet. It is in great demand two from government and in the public. CARPENTARY- This section is worked on avocation basis. A group of two or iii prisoners do the planning and assembling job. CONCLUSION-In this way Thane Central Jail administers work of the inmates/prisoners, So that the prisoners raise their skills through the routine work. Historically important memorandumranda i. e. martyrs memorials are not open for the citizens. There memo whitethorn be the inspiration for the citizens so it may create awareness about the national movement. Hence, it is inevitable to make them accessible for the citizens. The present day physical condition of the jail is not in decorous condition, so it should be repaired properly as soon as possible to maintain the condition of the jail. However, like a shot the fort is a very busy aim on account of being a jail.